This is Castel S. Angelo and it is situated in Rome.
It’s one of
the most singular monuments of Rome’s panorama. It was built by Emperor
Adriano (135-39), then transformed by Aureliano in a bridge on the other side of “Tiber” and
it was connected
to the Vatican palaces by the <<Passetto>>, only recently reopened to tourists
during summer just for a few days for people to appreciate the romantic and delightful night panorama, enriched by the special
touch of magic history gives. Now it’s the seat of the “National museum of Castel S. Angelo” that it’s possible to visit everyday except
on Mondays. Castel S. Angelo it’s near the river “Tiber”. Castel Sant’ Angelo, also known as the "Mole Adriana",
was not originally built for defensive purposes, but as the funeral monument of Emperors. A new bridge which still exists
as Ponte S.Angelo was built to put the monument in communication with the Campus Martius. This bridge flanks Nero’s
bridge, further down-stream. It consisted of three large central arches and two inclined ramps supported by three smaller
arches on the right bank and two on the left bank. Most of the structural parts of the
Mausoleum, which was incorporated into Castel S. Angelo in the Middle Ages, have
been preserved. The drum was faced on the outside with travertino and fluted pilaster strips. This was built following the lines of the Imperial mausoleum under Benedict
IX. Further works were ordered by Alexander VI and by Julius II who had the south loggia above the Papal apartments added.
At the summit is the panoramic terrace, watched over by the Angel about to fly off ,which seems to be why the building is called as it is , for the winged messenger is said to have saved Rome from a terrible plague at the time
of Gregory the Great. Inside the castle-fortress are the rooms of the National Militare Museum and of Art.
The actual name roots in an old legend on the bronzy 18th century
angel, telling that during the dreadful pestilence of 590 an angel appeared sheathing his sword as a sign of granted grace.
I. I. S. Carlo Urbani -
Rome - Italy
School year 2005/2006
leader: Francesca A.
Coordinated by Prof. Noemi Lusi